Vertigo is a condition characterized by sudden spells of dizziness, nausea, motion sickness, & disorientation. People often feel as if they or their surroundings are spinning around or moving uncontrollably, and that they are situated in a sort of rocking boat or chair. Vertigo is seldom a sign of some dangerous underlying problem, it’s most often a benign cause like infections, weakness, & inner ear issues.
However, sometimes chronic issues like Multiple Sclerosis, brain disorders, stroke, cardiac issues, and brain stem injuries can also cause vertigo. These issues are potentially fatal and warrant immediate medical attention to slow down their progress &/or treatment. Vertigo treatments usually focus on symptom relief and preventing future vertigo attacks from happening.
They generally include vertigo medicines, vertigo exercises, and some home remedies. Vertigo medicines are normally very effective in vertigo treatment. Your doctor might give you a variety of medicines for vertigo treatment. These depend on your exact symptoms, your presentation, how long you’ve been suffering, your medical history, and any chronic conditions you might have.
Usually, there are some well-known vertigo medications that doctors often prescribe to vertigo patients. In this blog, we’ll cover some of these commonly recommended vertigo medicines, their uses, & effects.
Vertigo consists of a range of symptoms & feelings. Every person might experience a different feeling, symptom, or sensation during a vertigo attack. However, there are some vertigo symptoms that are common across all patients.
- Spinning sensations or a feeling as if the surroundings are moving or rocking
- Sudden dizziness spells & disorientation
- Headaches, sometimes of migraine intensity
- Rapid, abnormal, rhythmic eye movements, also called nystagmus
- Hearing problems
- Vision problems
- tinnitus(a ringing, buzzing, or whistling sound in the ears)
- Feelings of pressure inside the ears
- Rapid heartbeat
- Excessive sweating
These symptoms might come and go, or last for a long time. Their intensity also depends on the type of vertigo a patient is experiencing, along with their general medical history and overall health.
Vertigo causes range from benign, harmless ones like ear infections, small injuries, & inner ear disorders. To more serious, potentially fatal ones like Multiple Sclerosis, brainstem injury, brain disorder, stroke, heart diseases, & other serious health problems.
Some of the most common vertigo causes are mentioned below:
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo(BPPV):
It is an inner ear disorder that is caused by tiny calcium crystals, called otoliths, breaking loose from their original position in the middle ear and depositing inside the semicircular canal in the inner ear. There they cause problems with the body’s balance by sending out false movement-related signals to the brain. BPPV causes symptoms like dizziness, nausea, headaches, & a spinning sensation. It is also one of the most common reasons for Vertigo Treatment & dizziness in adults.
Meniere’s Disease is an inner ear disorder caused by an excessive amount of fluid inside the ears. This fluid leads to problems like tinnitus(a buzzing, hissing, or roaring sound in the ears), hearing loss, headaches, dizziness, & vertigo. Nausea & vomiting are also common.
It is an inner ear infection affecting the vestibular nerve of the inner ear. This nerve is responsible for carrying balance-related signals to & from the brain & the inner ear. When this nerve gets inflamed due to a viral or bacterial infection, the resulting condition often causes dizziness, headaches, & nausea in people.
Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of the labyrinth, which is the organ inside the inner ear that houses the vestibular system. When the labyrinth gets swollen, the to & fro of balance-related signals gets disrupted which leads to symptoms like nausea, vomiting, headaches, dizziness, & other vertigo-like signs. Aside from these, other causes like middle ear infections, illnesses like the flu, common cold, & head injuries can also lead to vertigo.
Medicines for dizziness and Vertigo:
There are many medicines for dizziness and vertigo that help relieve the symptoms of patients. Your doctor will usually consider your entire medical history, any chronic issues you’re facing, along with your exact symptoms before prescribing you any vertigo medicines. Vertigo medications have been shown to be highly effective in vertigo treatment, & have exceptionally high success rates.
Some of the most commonly prescribed medications are listed below:
Meclizine tablet is also known as Antivert, & is a very common vertigo medication. It is the most useful vertigo medicine to stop sudden, acute vertigo attacks. Meclizine tablet is available in the market under many brand names such as Antivert, Meni-D, Meclozine, Bonine, Dramamine, VertiCalm, D-Vert, Meclicot, Medivert, Driminate II, & many others. Meclizine tablet is also the only vertigo medicine that doctors suggest for vertigo attacks during pregnancy, as it is safe for the unborn baby. Always take your doctor’s advice before starting any medication and do not take meclizine tablets on your own.
Vertin tablet is another popular vertigo medication used to treat some specific type of vertigo. Vertin tablet contains an active ingredient named Betahistine, which is especially helpful in patients with Meniere’s Disease. It helps reduce the dizziness and nausea associated with Meniere’s Disease. It also helps reduce the excess fluid buildup inside the inner ears and maintains adequate circulation inside the inner ear. Betahistine is also available in the market as multiple brand names. These include Betavert, B-Stil, & Betahist among others. Vertin tablet is also among a few vertigo medicines that don’t make a patient feel dizzy upon taking them. Hence, the Vertin tablet is the best choice of vertigo medication if you lead an active, busy lifestyle.
Stemetil tablet, also known as the Stemetil MD tablet, is an affective vertigo medication. It is used to treat a wide range of vertigo symptoms including dizziness, nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, depression, uneasiness, & general malaise. Patients can easily find Stemetil tablets in the market in the forms of tablets, injections, syrups, etc. However, as effective as the Stemetil tablet is for vertigo treatment, it does come with some unpleasant side effects. This is why your doctor will carefully study your medical history & consider your overall health before prescribing Stemetil Tablet to you.
Stugeron Forte tablet:
Stugeron Forte tablet is a great choice for patients whose vertigo is caused or worsened by migraines. It can also be used for vestibular migraine treatment, where a patient with a history of migraine suddenly develops dizziness. Its active ingredient is called Cinnarizine, which helps reduce motion sickness and migraine headaches in patients. It is available under various brand names like Cinn, Cinzan, Cintigo, etc. Stugeron Forte tablet is the most effective vertigo medication and works quite quickly. However, it comes with significant side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, & nausea. Thus, it is advisable to not continue this vertigo medicine for a long time. In most cases, your doctor will prescribe the Stugeron Forte tablet for a short period of time. Then they will either switch you to a different vertigo medication, or your symptoms will have gone, whichever comes first.