A thoracic surgery is the surgical treatment of all people suffering from diseases and conditions that affect the chest. The chest comprises the lungs, heart and the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus diaphragm, as well as the chest wall. Thoracic specialist Singapore can treat a wide range of ailments and conditions which require chest surgery such as heart disease lung and esophagus cancer as well as chest trauma and gastroesophageal resuscitation disease (GERD). Thoracic specialist can also be referred to as cardiothoracic surgeons as well as cardiac surgeons, to focus on the heart surgeon.
A thoracic surgeon typically:
Assesses the medical history of a patient and informs the patient of the condition, including the post-surgical treatment and follow-up care
Conducts a physical examination that includes the evaluation of vital signs and blood pressure.
Also the condition of the lungs, heart and blood vessels. In addition, it interprets lab and imaging tests and prescribes medication
The doctor orders and assesses tests for diagnosis, including EKG echocardiogram, cardiac catheterization
Treats chronic and acute diseases and also the ailments that affect the major organs and structures in the chest.
A Thoracic Specialistcan be identified by the following titles: lung surgeon, chest surgeon, heart surgeon lung surgeon and general thoracic specialistas well as trauma surgeon and cardiothoracic surgeon.
Who should visit an otolaryngologist?
Most often, patients seek out a thoracic surgery specialist when their primary doctor or another doctor discovers or suspects a condition that requires surgery to the chest, like lung cancer, heart disease or swallowing disorders within the stomach. Consulting a skilled thoracic specialistto get early treatment or preventive care prior to when serious complications arise is the most effective option to minimize the possibility that permanent injury to the organ, permanent disability and life-threatening conditions.
Thoracic surgeons treat patients who exhibit the following symptoms or ailments:
- Chest injuries, like an injury to the stab wound or a chest injuries
- Chest pain that may radiate into your arms, shoulders, neck , or jaw
- You may feel that your heart beats
- Passing out
- Breathing problems
If you suffer from any of the conditions listed above make sure you call 911 right away. Once you’re at the hospital, an emergency doctor will determine the cause of your symptoms and will have specialist in (or the cardiac surgeon) examine you to determine in the event that you’ll need chest surgery.
Thoracic surgeons also care for those suffering from these symptoms and ailments:
- Cough is a symptom of lung cancer
- Heartburn or acid reflux that’s causing harm to the esophagus, or isn’t improving after nonsurgical treatments
- Trouble swallowing and regurgitation food
What ailments and conditions does a surgeon for the thoracic treat?
- Abnormalities of the major vessels, such as an aortic aneurysm as well as coarctation (narrowing) of the Aorta
- Atrial fibrillation is an irregularly fast and irregular heartbeat
- Birth defects, including atrial septal defect (ASD) and the ventricular septal defect (VSD) and Tetralogy of Fallot
- Tumors and cancers of the chest, including the esophagus and lung and the chest wall
- Chest trauma and injuries , including the aforementioned crush injuries, as well as gunshot or stabbing wounds
- Heart disease called Coronary (blocked coronary arteries) is a condition that can lead to coronary heart attacks and angina
- Esophageal issues, including Barrett’s esophagus, hiatal hernia gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) and esophageal motility problems.
- Heart failure, a failure by the heart muscle to supply sufficient oxygenated blood into the human body
- Heart valve problems , such as an aortic valve problem, stenosis (narrowing) as well as regurgitation (leaking) of the mitral and aortic valves
- Hyperhidrosis, excessive sweating
What kinds of tests can the thoracic surgeon carry out or prescribe?
A thoracic specialist or cancer specialist is able to conduct, order, or analyze many screening and diagnostic tests, such as:
Biopsy tests to examine the quality of a tissue sample for signs of cancer or other illnesses.
Esophagus tests, including manometry and esophageal.
General health tests include the complete test of blood counts (CBC) as well as urinalysis and chest X-rays and the blood sugar (sugar) test as well as kidney and liver function screening, cholesterol test testing for thyroid hormones as well as blood pressure screening
Heart tests include echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, cardiac enzyme tests Stress tests for the heart, and Holter monitor recordings.
Imaging tests include X-rays ultrasounds computed tomography (CT) scans nuclear scans, the magnetic image resonance (MRI)
Breathing and lung tests, including methacholine test as well as pulse oximetry and the testing of arterial blood gases
What treatments and procedures does a thoracic surgeon carry out or recommend?
Thoracic surgeons carry out various procedures and surgeries for treating and diagnosing illnesses and conditions of the chest. The surgeons typically work with other specialists, such as gastroenterologists, pulmonologists, and cardiologists.
Thoracic surgeons are certified to carry out surgeries on the structures and organs in the chest. But, these highly skilled surgeons tend to focus on one particular region or organ. Thoracic specialist that concentrates on the condition of the esophagus and lungs and other chest structures are commonly referred to as general thoracic specialist. They, depending on the specifics of their practice, will perform the following procedures and surgeries:
Endoscopy and endoscopic treatment, including the bronchoscopy procedure to treat and diagnose many lung and breathing conditions
Esophageal surgery, including hiatal hernia repair as well as an anti-reflux operation (fundoplication) to treat the gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD)
Surgery for hyperhidrosis to stop excessive sweating. The surgeon cut a nerve in the chest which communicates to your sweat glands.
Lung transplants to treat lung diseases that are end-of-life due to these conditions, such as emphysema or emphys
Pneumonectomy or Lobectomy (removal entirely or a portion of the lung) to treat lung cancer as well as other lung-related conditions.